Pilot-induced oscillation research the status at the end of the century

Cover of: Pilot-induced oscillation research |

Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Dryden Flight Research Center, NASA Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI) in Edwards, Calif, Hanover, MD .

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  • Pilot induced oscillation,
  • Flight control,
  • Flight safety,
  • Flight tests,
  • Simulation,
  • Conferences,
  • Controllability

Edition Notes

Book details

Other titlesPilot induced oscillation research, the status at the end of the century
Statementcompiled by Mary F. Shafer and Paul Steinmetz
Series[NASA conference publication] -- NASA/CP-2001-210389/V.1-3, NASA conference publication -- 210389
ContributionsNASA Dryden Flight Research Center
The Physical Object
Pagination3 v
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14529527M

Download Pilot-induced oscillation research

Abstract: This paper reports the results of a Pilot-Induced Oscillation (PIO) and human pilot control characterization study performed using flight data collected with a Remotely Controlled (R/C) unmanned research aircraft.

The study was carried out on the longitudinal axis of the aircraft. SeveralFile Size: 9MB. "Pilot-Induced Oscillation Research: The._Status at the End of the Century," a workshop held at NASA Dryden Flight Research Center on Aprilmay well be the last large international workshop of the twentieth century on pilot-induced oscillation (PIO).

With nearly a hundred attendees from ten i_0untdes and thirty presentations (plus two thatFile Size: 3MB. Title: Flight Test Experience With Pilot-Induced-Oscillation Suppression Filter s Author: Mary F. Shafer, Rogers E. Smith, James F. Stewart, and Randall.

A Study of Multiloop Feedback Flight Control System Having a Positive Effect on Pilot-Induced Oscillation (PIO) JOURNAL OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, Vol. 52, No. Gain-Phase Margin Analysis of Pilot-Induced Oscillations Cited by: 1.

Introduction. Pilot-aircraft system loss of control in the form of adverse Aircraft Pilot Couplings (APC) including Pilot-Induced Oscillations (PIO) is a persistent aviation safety problem.1, 2 Despite significant technical advances in this area, PIO continues to occur with both flight-test and operational aircraft.

3 Based on the actual physical phenomena, PIO can be classified as linear Author: Shuting Xu, Wenqian Tan, Xiangju Qu, Cheng Zhang. This time delay can instigate Pilot Induced Oscillations (PIO), which is an abnormal coupling between the pilot and the aircraft resulting in unintentional and undesired oscillations.

THE ANATOMY OF PILOT-INDUCED OSCILLATIONS PIO is a collaboration between the pilot and the airplane in that the oscillations can occur only when the pilot attempts to impose his will on the aircraft.

Indeed the aircraft left to its own devices may be stable. Pilot Induced Oscillations and Grobs. by Dean Carswell. In the last twelve months, there have been several reported cases of substantial damage to Grob sailplanes arising from the pilot's failure to control the glider correctly during the flare and touchdown phases of landing.

Pilot-induced oscillations, as defined by MIL-HDBKA, are sustained or uncontrollable oscillations resulting from efforts of the pilot to control the aircraft and occurs when the pilot of an aircraft inadvertently Pilot-induced oscillation research book an often increasing series of corrections in opposite directions, each Pilot-induced oscillation research book attempt to cover the aircraft's reaction to the previous input with an over correction in the opposite.

The workshop ''Pilot-Induced Oscillation Research: The Status at the End of the Century,'' was held at NASA Dryden Flight Research Center on April The presentations at this conference addressed the most current information available, addressing regulatory issues, flight test, safety, modeling, prediction, simulation, mitigation or.

Issue 13 - September - Anti-Windup Algorithms for Pilot-Induced-Oscillation Alleviation AL 5 The analysis problem (Algorithm ) is linear and the synthesis prob. This research was accomplished with the contributions of many individuals and organizations.

The authors thank our project pilot and coauthor, Gordon H. Hardy, for his guidance throughout the research and evaluation of the control allocation technique to recover from pilot-induced by: Pilot-induced oscillation (PIO) occurs when the airplane begins a departure from the desired flight path, and the pilot applies inappropriate, excessive or mis-timed corrections that result in ever- increasing excursions that threaten to force the airplane out of control.

The main purpose of this paper is to predict the phenomenon of pilot-induced oscillations (PIOs) by the use of parameter plane approach. The position-limited and rate-limited are always existed in the practical pilot-vehicle systems.

From to the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center conducted flight research with an F-8C employing the first digital fly-by-wire flight control system without a. Powers, Bruce G. & Dryden Flight Research Facility. Space shuttle pilot-induced-oscillation research testing [microform] / Bruce G.

Powers National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Facility Edwards, Calif. Wikipedia Citation.

This second video taken on Ap shows the chase plane view of the F-8 Digital Fly-By-Wire aircraft undergoing pilot-induced oscillations during an. Get this from a library. Pilot-induced oscillation research: the status at the end of the century.

[NASA Dryden Flight Research Center.;]. An Investigation Relating Longitudinal Pilot-Induced Oscillation Tendency Rating to Describing Function Predictions for Rate-Limited Actuators [Witte, Joel B.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

An Investigation Relating Longitudinal Pilot-Induced Oscillation Tendency Rating to Describing Function Predictions for Rate-Limited ActuatorsCited by: 4. Pilot-induced oscillations and human dynamic behavior Duane T. McRuer, Systems Technology, inc, Hugh L.

Dryden Flight Research Center NASA, - Technology & Engineering - pages. pilot induced oscillations Written by Shem Malmquist, Captain MD Most pilots have heard the acronym "PIO" (pilot-induced-oscillation) at some point in their careers, and most assume it is related to poor piloting skills.

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An adaptive stick-gain to reduce pilot-induced oscillation tendencies. Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 5 (March-April)– 59 Powers, B. Space Shuttle Pilot-Induced-Oscillation Research Testing. Report No. AGARDograph No. In AGARD Ground and Flight Testing for Aircraft Guidance and Control (N ).

A test evaluation of a Pilot-Induced-Oscillation prediction criterion Abstract: This paper presents evaluation procedures, concepts, and results from a limited test to evaluate the ability of the Open-Loop Onset Point (OLOP) criterion to predict Pilot-Induced-Oscillations Cited by: 1.

In this clip we see NASA research pilot John Manke at the controls of Dryden's F-8 Digital Fly-By-Wire aircraft as it enters a severe pilot induced oscillation or PIO just after completion of a touch-and-go landing while testing for a signal-delay-related problem that occurred during an approach to landing on the shuttle prototype Enterprise.

Introduction. Actuator position/rate-limit is an important issue in the design of flight control systems since it is one of the main causes of PIO and is listed in the Category II PIO which are mainly characterized by nonlinearity of actuator.Taking a look back at the history of aircraft, some fatal accidents caused by actuator rate-limit were witnessed, such as the crashes of YF in Cited by: 3.

21st Century Collection of NASA and NACA Dryden Technical Reports: X-Plane, SR, Space Shuttle, Hypersonic Research, Fighter Planes (Two CD-ROM Set) [News, World Spaceflight] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

21st Century Collection of NASA and NACA Dryden Technical Reports: X-Plane, SR, Space Shuttle, Hypersonic ResearchPrice: $ Pilot Induced Oscillation IN-FLIGHT PILOT INDUCED OSCILLATIONS (PIO) Calspan Aerospace is the only commercial provider in the world of In-Flight Pilot Induced Oscillations (PIO) training.

PIO training covers the unintentional oscillation resulting from efforts of the pilot to control the aircraft. glider as they attempt to stop the oscillations from occurring in the first place.

Pilot-Induced Oscillations (PIOs) The instability of a glider’s attitude that arises when the pilot fails to recognize the lag time inherent in controlling the glider is known as a pilot-induced oscillation (PIO).

Mathematical study of linear and nonlinear rotorcraft pilot-induced oscillations transmitted to the rest of the FCS so as to smooth brusque stick inputs. But the disadvantage of such an element remains nevertheless that it can generate PIO.

The rate is bounded by a maximum of 15deg=s. The transfer function relative to the lon. This out-of-sync process continues, with higher bounces each time, until either the nose gear breaks off or the pilot wises up, pushed the throttle all the way in and goes around.

Thus the name "Pilot Induced Oscillation," or PIO. PIO = Pilot Induced Oscillation I. Introduction oss of control remains one of the largest contributors to fatal aircraft accidents. As shown in Figure 1, in-flight loss of control (LOC) is the largest fatal accident category for commercial jet airplane accidents worldwide.

(DLR) research helicopter (ACT/FHS) has shown the potential to encounter pilot-induced oscillation (PIO) tendencies when ying using this mode. This paper presents results from a simulation campaign undertaken to con rm whether PIOs may be exposed through this use of control and/or the resultant severity.

The results show that the isometric failure. Pilot-induced oscillations may be the fault of the aircraft, the pilot, or both. It is a common problem for inexperienced pilots, and especially student pilots, although it was also a problem for the top research test pilots on the NASA lifting body program.

In a controls sense, the oscillation is the result of reduced phase margin induced by the lag of the pilot's response.

The problem has been mitigated in some cases by adding lead to the instruments - for example, cause the climb rate indication to not only reflect the current climb rate.

And the early Space Shuttle's longitudinal, pilot-induced oscillation was tuned out by using a simulator with motion--when a simulator without motion failed even to find the oscillation in the first place. Technology Leaps All Around Propel Advances in Simulators.

This paper reports the results of a Pilot-Induced Oscillation (PIO) and human pilot control characterization study performed using flight data collected with a Remotely Controlled (R/C) unmanned research aircraft. The study was carried out on the longitudinal axis of the aircraft.

Several existing Category 1 and Category 2 PIO criteria developed for manned aircraft are first surveyed and their. In this research, we developed a control allocation technique that help pilots recover from pilot induced oscillations (PIO).

When actuators are rate-saturated due to aggressive pilot commands, high gain flight control systems or some anomaly in the system, the effective delay in the control loop may increase depending on the nature of the cause.

This article is within the scope of the Aviation you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the project and see lists of open tasks and task use this banner, please see the full instructions.

Start This article has been rated as. Pilot induced oscillation is a well-understood phenomenon today, and fighter pilots are routinely taught how to avoid it. A hero of the Soviet Union Don't wait until things have gotten worse before making corrections or your pilot induced oscillations can cause your own health to get out of control.

This paper presents preliminary results of research conducted to predict flying qualities and pilot-induced oscillation tendencies in the Generic Transport Model, which is part of the Airborne Subscale Transport Aircraft Research system augmented with the ℒ 1 flight control system.

The main objectives of this study are to address the lack of suitable flying qualities criteria for nonlinear Cited by: 4. Pilot Induced Oscillation also known as Aircraft pilot coupling is a term that I only recently became exposed to as a student pilot.

I am rather embarrassed to having not being familiar with this concept because once I read an article or two about it, I .Imprint Delft University Press Author Van Der Weerd, R. Pub. date January Pages Binding softcover Volume 7 of Control and Simulation ISBN print Subject.

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